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Global Development Institute

Rio de Janeiro

Growth and distribution

The challenge:

Since the turn of the century, a large proportion of countries in Asia, Africa, Latin America and the Caribbean have experienced impressive growth rates. While extreme poverty rates have reduced, the benefits of growth have not been shared equitably.

On the one hand, technological change, globalisation (and the associated trend of premature deindustrialisation) have led to polarization in labour markets. On the other hand, inequality of opportunity persists, despite significant reductions.

Poverty and inequality are at the heart of the link between growth and distribution and their alleviation depends on the political and governance mechanisms in individual settings.

We need to urgently identify innovative approaches that narrow both income and opportunity gaps.

How we are addressing it:

GDI has a long and successful tradition in this area:

  • Distribution (and its links to both poverty and inequality) has been at the heart of numerous projects, particularly in the context of Latin America, South Asia and Africa.
  • Topical issues on governance, institutions and their links to both growth and distribution have been addressed as part of the Effective States research centre.
  • GDI researchers are branching out into cutting edge methodological frameworks like behavioural economics and have addressed behavioural aspects of governance and intra-household allocation of resources.

Research Projects

Our teaching agenda:

Our teaching of development economics has always been research led, keeping it in touch with global trends and research priorities. The MSc Development Economics and Policy provides training in contemporary economic theory, applied economics and quantitative methods relevant to developing and transitional economies. 

People and publications:

News and insights: