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Global Development Institute

Prosperity, inequality and poverty

Growth, inequality and poverty

Our work on prosperity and human well-being explores the ways in which inclusive growth, social policies and political action can improve the prospects of poor and disadvantaged people.

Since the turn of the century, a majority of countries in Asia, Africa and Latin America and the Caribbean have managed to grow their economies, generating jobs and economic opportunity. Growth and redistribution have contributed to a large reduction in extreme poverty and, in some countries, inequality. Improving our understanding of the processes and institutions delivering, or constraining, inclusive growth is urgent as it is essential to building inclusive, fair, prosperous, and democratic societies.

Our research examines the interactions of growth, inequality and poverty. We critically engage with the global development agenda and conduct theoretical, empirical and policy-relevant research on inclusive growth, including urban poverty, social justice, social protection, and the links between environmental change and poverty.

Latest publications

Abdel-Latif, H., Ouattara, B., & Murphy, P. (2017). Catching the mirage: The shadow impact of financial crises. The Quarterly Review of Economics and Finance, 65, 61-70.
Agarwal, B., & Agrawal, A. (2017). Do farmers really like farming? Indian farmers in transition. Oxford Development Studies. DOI: 10.1080/13600818.2017.1283010

Alford, M., Barrientos, S., & Visser, M. (2017). Multi-scalar Labour Agency in Global Production Networks: Contestation and Crisis in the South African Fruit Sector. Development and Change. DOI: 10.1111/dech.12317

Asadullah, M. N., & Savoia, A. (2017). Poverty Reduction During 1990-2013: Did Millennium Development Goals Adoption and State Capacity Matter? World Development.

Barrientos, A. (2017). Design and rural context in antipoverty transfers: Implications for programme outcomes. Global Food Security, 12. DOI: 10.1016/j.gfs.2016.09.002

Barrientos, A. (2017). Antipoverty transfers and zero extreme poverty targets. In H. Besada, L. McMillan Polonenko, & M. Agarwal (Eds.), Did the Millennium Development Goals work? : Meeting future challenges with past lessons (pp. 15-46). Bristol: Policy Press.

Barrientos, S., Bianchi, L., & Berman, C. Women Workers in Global Supply Chains: Rights and Remedy

Dimova, R., & Pela, K. (2017). Entrepreneurship: structural transformation, skills and constraints. Small Business Economics, 1-18. DOI: 10.1007/s11187-017-9916-0, 10.1007/s11187-017-9916-0

Dimova, R., & Adebowale, O. (2017). Does Access to Formal Finance Matter for Welfare and Inequality? Micro Level Evidence from Nigeria. Journal of Development Studies, 1-17. DOI: 10.1080/00220388.2017.1371293

Dubey, A., Olsen, W., & Sen, K. (2017). The Decline in the Labour Force Participation of Rural Women in India: Taking a Long-Run View. The Indian Journal of Labour Economics.

Gillespie, T. (2017). Collective self-help, financial inclusion and the commons: searching for solutions to Accra’s housing crisis. Housing Policy Debate, 1-15. DOI: 10.1080/10511482.2017.1324892

Gillespie, T., Hardy, K., & Watt, P. (2017). Austerity Urbanism and Olympic Counter-legacies: Gendering, Defending and Expanding the Urban Commons in East London. Environment and Planning D: Society and Space.

Horner, R., & Hulme, D. (2017). Converging divergence? Unpacking the new geography of 21st century global development.

Horner, R., & Hulme, D. (2017). From international to global development: new geographies of 21st century development. Development and Change. DOI: 10.1111/dech.12379

Kothari, U., & Arnall, A. (2017). Contestation over an island imaginary landscape: The management and maintenance of touristic nature. Environment and Planning A. DOI: 10.1177/0308518X16685884

Lavers, T. (2017). Land Registration and Gender Equality in Ethiopia: How State–Society Relations Influence the Enforcement of Institutional Change. Journal of Agrarian Change, 17(1), 188-207. [17(1)]. DOI: 10.1111/joac.12138

Lavers, T. (2017). Responding To Land-Based Conflict In Ethiopia: The Land Rights Of Ethnic Minorities Under Federalism. African Affairs.

Lavers, T. (2017). Social protection in an aspiring ‘developmental state’: The political drivers of Ethiopia’s PSNP. Development and Change.

Lavers, T. (2017). Understanding elite commitment to social protection: Rwanda’s Vision 2020 Umurenge Programme. Development and Change.

Lawrence Ado-Kofie, David Lawson & David Hulme (2017). What Works for Africa's Poorest?: Poverty Reduction Programmes for Extremely Poor People. Rugby : Practical Action. DOI: 10.3362/9781780448435

Mohan, P. S., Ouattara, B., & Strobl, E. (2017). Decomposing the Macroeconomic Effects of Natural Disasters: A National Income Accounting Perspective. Ecological Economics.

Sen, K. (2017). What Explains the Job Creating Potential of Industrialisation in the Developing World? The Journal of Development Studies.


Sujarwoto, S., Tampubolon, G., & Pierewan, A. (2017). Individual and contextual factors of happiness and life satisfaction in a low middle income country. Applied Research in Quality of Life. DOI: 10.1007/s11482-017-9567-y

Tampubolon, G., & Maharani, A. (2017). When did old age stop being depressing? Depression trajectories of older Americans and Britons 2002-2012. American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry. DOI: 10.1016/j.jagp.2017.06.006

Tampubolon, G., & Maharani, A. (2017). Depression trajectories of older Americans and Britons 2002 - 2012: A rejoinder and a hope. American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry. DOI: 10.1016/j.jagp.2017.07.010

Tampubolon, G.Could cohort composition be driving this? Temporal trend in dementia incidence since 2002 and projections for prevalence in England and Wales to 2040

Tampubolon, G., Nazroo, J. Y., & Pendleton, N. (2017). Trajectories of general cognition and dementia in English older population: an exploration. European Geriatric Medicine. DOI: 10.1016/j.eurger.2017.08.001


Theme Convenors

Academic members

PhD Researcher Members

  • Olabimtan Adebowale
  • Peter Agamile
  • Ali Amin
  • Media Askar
  • Sally Cawood
  • Nahid Farnaz
  • Mohammed Ibrahim
  • Lina Khraise
  • Jiaying Li
  • Abiola Olatunji
  • Alejandra Ortiz Garcia
  • Kevwe Pela
  • Kate Pruce
  • Virgi Sari
  • Muhammad Shahadat Siddiquee
  • Amanda Telias Simunovic
  • Matthew Tyce
  • Vidhya Unnikrishnan
  • Matthew Walsham
  • Bala Yusuf
  • Gabriela Zapata Roman