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Global Development Institute

Rio de Janeiro

Growth and distribution

The challenge:

Since the turn of the century, a large proportion of countries in Asia, Africa, Latin America and the Caribbean have experienced impressive growth rates. While extreme poverty rates have reduced, the benefits of growth have not been shared equitably.

On the one hand, technological change, globalisation (and the associated trend of premature deindustrialisation) have led to polarization in labour markets. On the other hand, inequality of opportunity persists, despite significant reductions.

Poverty and inequality are at the heart of the link between growth and distribution and their alleviation depends on the political and governance mechanisms in individual settings.

We need to urgently identify innovative approaches that narrow both income and opportunity gaps.

How we are addressing it:

GDI has a long and successful tradition in this area:

  • Distribution (and its links to both poverty and inequality) has been at the heart of numerous projects, particularly in the context of Latin America, South Asia and Africa.
  • Topical issues on governance, institutions and their links to both growth and distribution have been addressed as part of the Effective States research centre.
  • GDI researchers are branching out into cutting edge methodological frameworks like behavioural economics and have addressed behavioural aspects of governance and intra-household allocation of resources.

Research Projects

Our teaching agenda:

People and publications:

Click on the names below to read their latest publications or read the latest publications from the Global Development Institute.

PhD Researchers and Post-Doctoral Fellows

  • Gabriela Zapata Roman - Inequality of Opportunities in Chile
  • Vidhya Unnikrishnan - Evaluation of Social Safety Net for the Elderly Population in India
  • Virgi Sari - State of the Art of Social Exclusion in Indonesia: Does Social Protection Scheme Protect the Excluded?
  • Karishma Banga - Linking into Global Value Chains: Implications for Domestic Growth of Developing Countries
  • Lina Khraise - The Impact of Aid for Trade and Jordanian trade policies on the development of technologically sophisticated exports
  • Media Askar - Financial Literacy, Cultural Identity and Poverty
  • Peter Agamile - Essays on weather shocks, gender and intra household dynamics in Uganda
  • Abiola Olatunji - Revenue Generation for Development, in Developing Countries
  • Amin Ali - The impact of decentralization on poverty reduction and resource allocation in Bangladesh
  • Nahid Farnaz - Financial Development and Income Inequality
  • Gabriele Restelli - The effects of foreign aid on international migration to Europe
  • Mohammad Asad-Uz-Zaman - Impact of Government Revenue expenditure, Current transfer (social safety net programs) and Development expenditure on GDP Growth and Poverty in Bangladesh
  • Thanh Bui - Determinant of multidimensional inequality and social mobility among different regions in Vietnam
  • Guannan Li - The Effect of Aged Adult Child Caregivers on Life Satisfactions and Well being of the Oldest-old in Different Social Classes: Longitudinal evidence from CLHLS
  • Magaly Duarte Urquhart - Debt sustainability from a Central Bank Perspective 
  • Yidian Meng - The impact of gender inequality on economic diversification through Labour market

News and insights: