Planning and Creating a Government Web Site: Learning from the Experience of US States
This paper reviews the history and explosive growth of Internet use and, in particular, the development of the World Wide Web, which has attracted millions of users.
It identifies the significant external factors - such as telecommunications infrastructure and government legislation - that will impact the development of this medium in the future.
The advent of these new technologies coincides with increasing demands for public access to government information. The tools of the Internet provide a vehicle for improved information sharing among branches of government as well as with the public. The paper describes the different stakeholder groups who may be involved with and affected by this process.
Many governments have created, or are seeking to create, a Web presence. A set of information delivery principles and Web site design criteria are therefore presented. These criteria are then used to evaluate the Web sites of forty-eight US State governments, providing insights into both best and worst practice for government. The paper concludes with some details of the strategic approaches to Web site development that governments may need to adopt.
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- In what ways can government use the Internet? [part I]
- What environment and policy issues affect government use of the Internet? [part II]
- Who should we involve in planning government Web sites? [part III]
- Identify one particular public sector organisation. Make recommendations for that organisation on Web site design and strategy. [parts IV & V]
- Why is Internet usage growing so fast?
- What benefits and what dangers can the Internet bring to citizen-government interaction?
- Use the criteria and rating scales described in section IV to evaluate a different set of government Web site.